Bayinbuluk Scenic Spot is located in the northwest of Jing County and Bayingoleng Mongolian Autonomous Prefecture, Xinjiang, and in the hinterland of the southern foot of the central Tianshan Mountains. The geographical coordinates of the center are N42°47′53″, E84°09′50″. The total area is about 1259.47 square kilometers. The scenic spot is a natural landscape tourism area with alpine meadow grassland and alpine swamp wetland ecosystem as the background in the large intermountain basin in the high position of Tianshan Mountains, and the upper reaches of the Kaidu River meander and swamp wetland as the main body. In terms of administrative division, it is located in the northwest edge of Bayingoleng Mongol Autonomous Prefecture and Jingxian County in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. It is 288 kilometers away from Hejing County, 360 kilometers away from Korla City, the capital of Bazhou, and about 500 kilometers away from Urumqi City. The scenic area is a natural landscape tourist area with alpine meadow grassland and alpine swamp wetland ecosystem as the background and the upper reaches of the Kaidu River as the main body of the river bends and swamp wetlands in the largescale intermountain basin in the high Tianshan Mountains. The scenic area reflects the world heritage value of Tianshan Mountain with the beauty of alpine wetland ecosystems and river bends and swampy wetland landscapes. It is important and representative in geographical location, and rare and diverse in landscape. It is suitable for tourism activities such as sightseeing, leisure and vacation, sports and fitness, scientific research and scientific research, popular science education and folk culture experience. The scenic spot is called "Green Pure Land" because of its unique natural ecological landscape and cultural landscape. It is the location of the largest subalpine alpine meadow grassland in the country. The scenic spots include Swan Lake, one of the world natural heritage sites of "Xinjiang·Tianshan Mountains", the largest national-level swan nature reserve in China, Kaidu River Jiuqu and Eighteen Bays in China; the first batch of famous scenic tourist towns in China, The most beautiful village - Bayinbulak Town. The scenic spot has landscapes such as Love of the Grassland, Swan Homeland, Zacks Terrace Bird Watching Platform, Barunkure, Basilik Viewing Platform, Grassland Holy Mountain Taglen Mountain, Hushenkure, etc. It is a collection of hills, basins An eco-tourism scenic spot integrating grasslands, grasslands and wetlands, It is known as "the most fat pasture at the southern foot of Tianshan Mountain". In 2005, it was praised as one of the six most beautiful marsh wetlands in China by the National Human Geographic Magazine; in 2013, it was selected as one of the top ten most beautiful wetlands in China. Here is the grassland in dreams, the paradise of horses, the hometown of swans, and the hometown of Donggui. The unique alpine basin landscape composed of mountains, rivers, lakes, marshes, grasslands, and wildlife. Its biological and scenic tourism resources are of high value. The level and density of tourism resources are in the forefront of Xinjiang. The proportion of scenic spots is relatively large, monopolistic and irreplaceable. It is the best of China's tourism and the world's best. The landscape is basically in its original state. Bayinbulak is also the home of the Turghut tribe in Western Mongolia, where a strong regional culture and grassland nomadic culture have been bred.
There are high-quality "Butter Grass" everywhere, and it is rich in mountain horses, Bayinbulak big-tailed sheep, Chinese merino sheep and yaks known as "Plateau Tanks". Every midsummer, the flowers on the grassland are in full bloom, competing for beauty, flocks of sheep wander like white clouds, and yurts like snow lotus are located among them. Every year, festivals such as the Naadam Conference, the "Donggui Tourism Culture and Art Festival", the "International Equestrian Endurance Competition", and the "Ice and Snow Tourism Festival" are held.
Bayinbulak Scenic Area belongs to typical alpine grassland grassland, alpine meadow grassland, alpine swamp grassland and mountain meadow grassland, with rich resources and varied landscapes. The scenic area has a wide field of vision and prominent landscape layers. As the altitude rises, the vertical landscape belt is obvious. It can be said that one mountain, one scene and one slope, the car turns around with the scene, and the scene likes a painting. The same viewing point will have different visual experience from different angles, and the landscape in four seasons is full of changes. In March, tens of thousands of swans, more than 120 species of waterfowl, and migratory birds will gather in Swan Lake, creating a spectacular scenery. As a result, Swan Lake kicked off the prelude to spring. In April, when the ice and snow melted, standing at the bottom of the mountain and looking up, you can see the greenery at your feet, the snow-capped mountain top, and the obvious vertical landscape belt, where you can enjoy four views of one mountain. From the end of April to the middle of June, swarms of swans gather in Swan Lake, and the scenery is spectacular. The endless grassland is full of purples and reds, and all kinds of flowers are blooming. From the end of June to the end of July, the beautiful meadow grassland scenery, the wind blows the grass and sees cattle and sheep. From August to September, the Bayinbulak Grassland is full of green grass and flowers, showing the vitality of spring and the scene of summer. In October, there are flocks of cattle and sheep on the golden grassland, like embroidery patterns scattered on the golden carpet, which looks extraordinarily beautiful. In mid-October, as the temperature gets colder, swans gather in families and move south for the winter. From November to April of the following year, the grassland is covered with silver and is extraordinarily enchanting. It has a vast territory, green grass, flocks of cattle and sheep, surrounded by mountains, belts of rivers, a wide variety of plants, and criss-cross springs like crystal clear sapphires, which complement each other with the surrounding snowy mountains and ice peaks.
National tourism resources are divided into 8 major categories and 31 subcategories with 155 basic types. Bayinbulak Scenic Area has found that there are 8 major categories and 29 subcategories with 110 basic types, accounting for 100%, 93.55% and 100% of the national total respectively. 70.97%. The overall level of tourism resources is relatively high.
The Bayinbulak Grassland is less affected by human activities and preserves many rare species in the world, making it an ideal breeding habitat for wild animals such as swans. According to preliminary statistics, there are 704 species of wild vascular plants in 62 families, 254 genera in Bayinbulak Scenic Area. Among them, 3 rare and endangered species and endemic species are listed in the "Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora". In addition, there are 19 species of plants endemic to Xinjiang, including Renchang Asplenium, Tianshan Delphinium, Tianshan Ligula, and Bluegrass multiflora. There are 681 species of angiosperms in 54 families, 245 genera, accounting for 96.74% of the total species of vascular plants in the scenic area. There are 145 species of vertebrates in the scenic area, including 5 species in 2 families of fish, 2 species in 2 families of amphibians, 119 species in 31 families of birds, 19 species in 10 families of mammals and various invertebrates. Among them, there are 8 species under national first-class protection, such as snow leopards, black storks, golden eagles, white-shouldered eagles, etc. and 25 species under second-class protection, such as swans, argali, and snow chickens. The scenic spot is rich in bird resources, with hundreds of thousands of gray cranes, egrets, golden eagles, bar-headed geese, gray geese, whooper swans, cygnets, mute swans and other birds. Bayinbulak is the largest swan reserve in China. There are nearly 7,000 wild swans inhabiting the swamp wetland. It is the southern limit of wild swan breeding in the world and preserves the world's largest wild swan breeding population. The whooper swan is included in the IUCN Species Red List (2010) and is a key protected wild animal in the Wildlife Protection Law of the People's Republic of China.
The scenic spot won the award
In 2005, Bayinbulak was rated as "one of the six most beautiful marshes and wetlands in China" in the "Most Beautiful Places in China" selection activity hosted by "Chinese National Geographic" and co-organized by 34 media across the country.
In October 2010, Bayinbulak Scenic Spot passed the acceptance of the national AAAA-level tourist attraction. In the same year, Bayinbulak Town was rated as one of the first batch of famous national tourist towns with characteristic landscapes by the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development and the National Tourism Administration.
In June 2013, Bayinbulak, as one of the world natural heritage sites of "Xinjiang .Tianshan", was included in the World Natural Heritage List; on October 31, 2013, the State Forestry Administration, the National Wetland Office and CCTV jointly organized the Bayinbulak Wetland was selected as one of the "Ten Most Beautiful Wetlands in China in 2013" in the "Beautiful China · Wetland Tour" activity; on October 23, 2013, Bayinbulak Town was awarded "China's Most Beautiful Villages and Towns in 2013". The most beautiful village" honorary title.
In November 2015, it was rated as an autonomous region-level eco-tourism demonstration area.
In October 2016, it was established as a national AAAAA tourist attraction.